Think about how early philosophers, inventors, and scientists went about solving complex problems and explaining concepts previously thought of as mysteries or curses. Recognizing its importance, educators have begun introducing critical thinking exercises to young children. Like most abstract concepts, critical thinking is subject to interpretation. In simple terms, critical thinking can be defined as an objective analysis of a set of complex facts to form a rational, skeptical, unbiased judgment.
Critical thinkers tend to exhibit certain traits that are common to them. These traits are summarized in Table 6. Recall that critical thinking is an active mode of thinking. Instead of just receiving messages and accepting them as is, we consider what they are saying. We ask if messages are well-supported.
It’s Time to Get Serious About Teaching Critical Thinking
Critical thinking means being able to make good arguments. Arguments are claims backed by reasons that are supported by evidence. Argumentation is a social process of two or more people making arguments, responding to one another--not simply restating the same claims and reasons--and modifying or defending their positions accordingly. Claims are statements about what is true or good or about what should be done or believed.
Full text. Thinking Critically About Abortion. Open Philosophy Press.