Refutation is when a writer or speaker argues against an opposing argument or viewpoint. Writers or speakers can refute an argument in several ways. For example, one might employ evidence or logic in a refutation. A defense attorney would refute the prosecutor's statement that his client is guilty by providing evidence or logical statements that refute the claim. For example, in the O.
Creating Argument Outlines
Given 40 minutes to plan and draft the argumentative essay, how much time should be given to prompt annotation and planning? Which of the following is NOT part of an effective argumentative essay's opening paragraph? Identification of author and title of prompt. Enumeration of reasons for argument. Thesis which identifies pro, con, or qualifying angle. Refutation of the counter-argument. What is the preferred method of organization for a body paragraph in an argumentative essay?
SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips
In academic writing, we often use an Argument essay structure. Argument essays have these familiar components, just like other types of essays:. Imagine that you are writing about vaping.
When you write an academic essay, you make an argument: you propose a thesis and offer some reasoning, using evidence, that suggests why the thesis is true. This is a good way to test your ideas when drafting, while you still have time to revise them. And in the finished essay, it can be a persuasive and in both senses of the word disarming tactic. It allows you to anticipate doubts and pre-empt objections that a skeptical reader might have; it presents you as the kind of person who weighs alternatives before arguing for one, who confronts difficulties instead of sweeping them under the rug, who is more interested in discovering the truth than winning a point. Not every objection is worth entertaining, of course, and you shouldn't include one just to include one.