A research paper written in APA style should be organized into sections and subsections using the five levels of APA headings. Notice how sections contain at least two smaller subsections in the example below:. Starting with the first level of heading, the subsections of the paper should progressively use the next level s of heading without skipping any levels. However, keep in mind that the Introduction section, which is preceded by the full title of the paper, should be presented in plain type. Any subsections that fall under the major sections are formatted with the next level of heading.
Formatting Headings and Subheadings (APA)
Formatting Headings and Subheadings (APA) - Writing Commons
This is the first of four lessons about Essay Writing. To complete this course, read each lesson carefully and then unlock and complete our materials to check your understanding. Lesson 1: What are the basic sections of an academic essay? Lesson 2: What is the essay planning process? Lesson 3: What is the essay writing process?
What are the basic sections of an academic essay?
The title of a complete work is usually centred near the top of the first page; if possible, it should be printed either in large letters or in boldface , or even in both. It should not be italicized or placed in quotation marks , and it should not have a full stop at the end. Any punctuation or italics which are required for independent reasons should be used normally; this includes a question mark at the end if the title is a question.
In American Psychological Association style, APA headings and subheadings are used to give readers a general idea of the content and what to expect from a paper , and it leads the flow of discussion by dividing up a paper and defining each section of the content. There are some differences between APA, MLA, and Chicago style headings in papers, particularly on the title page as well as at the top of subsequent pages. APA uses something called a "running head," while the other two styles do not. MLA uses a left-indented topper for the paper author's name, the professor's name, the course name, and date, while MLA and Chicago style do not. APA style uses five levels of headings.